Volume 2 Table of Contents

Work on Volume 2 is well under way.

I have the first several chapters done, and the table of contents created to serve as an outline.

As chapters are completed, It may change how I present some of the later material, so the TOC WILL change.

Here is the TOC.. .If you see something you think should be added, let me know.   Keep in mind, SIGINT and Electronic Warefare will be covered in Volume Three.

Table of Contents

I. Introduction
II. Security
D) Threat SIGINT Capabilities

Part 1: Administration
I. Define standard operating procedures. (SOP’s)
II. Communication Table of Organization and Equipment
.  A) Category of radios:
.  B) Radio Operation Constraints
III. UHF/VHF Radio Types (and High HF)
.  A) FRS/GMRS portable radios:
.  B) GMRS only portable and mobile radios:
.  C) MURS portable radios:
.  D) Citizens Band (CB) portable radios:
.  E) Citizens Band (CB) Mobile radios:
.  F) ISR and SMR band digital frequency hopping voice radios:
.  G) Business Band analog voice portable and mobile radios:
.  H) Business Band analog voice Chineese import radios:
.  I) Business Band digital voice portable and mobile radios:
.  J) UHF/VHF Ham radio fm analog voice portable and mobile radios:
.  K) UHF/VHF Ham radio SSB mobile radios:
.  L) UHF/VHF Ham radio low usage bands portable and mobile radios:
.  M) UHF/VHF Ham radio digital voice portable and mobile radios:
.  N) UHF/VHF Ham radio digital voice with transverter to low usage bands portable and   .    mobile radios:
.  O) UHF/VHF Ham digital data and packet radio:
.  P) 10m Ham portable and mobile radios:
IV. Range Beyond Handheld
.  A) Relay
.  B) Simplex Repeater
.  C) Duplex Repeater
.  D) Cross Band Repeater
.  E) Multipoint links
.  F) Directional Antennas
V. Beyond Line Of Sight (BLOS)
.  A) HF Groundwave
.  B) HF Skywave
.  D) mixed band relays
VI. HF Radio Types
.  A) High Frequency (HF) Ham analog voice radios:
.  B) High Frequency (HF) Ham continous wave (CW) morse code radios:
.  C) High Frequency (HF) Ham digital text mode radios:
.  D) High Frequency (HF) Ham graphic mode radios:
.  E) High Frequency (HF) Ham digital voice radios:
F.  ) High Frequency (HF) Ham digital packet and data radios:
VII. BLOS Less Common Methods
.  A) Microwave relay
.  B) Tropo Scatter
.  C) EME/ Moonbounce
.  D) Meteor Scatter
.  E) HM-mesh/VOIP
.  F) HamSat
.  G) Sat Phone
VIII. Other Means of Communications
.  A) POTS
.  B) Field Phones
.  C) VOIP
.  D) Visual Signals
.  E) Sound Signals
.  IX. Cellular Telephones
XI. OPSEC and COMSEC and Sensitive Materials
XII. Codenames and Codewords
XIII. Generating SOI’s
XIV. Generating OTP’s and Dryad Sheets
XV. Generating Codebooks

Part 2: Mission Planning and Opertaions
I. Spectrum Management
III. Physical Setups
.  A) Organization, Links, and OPORD
.  B) Relay/ Repeater site selection
.  C) CP and CP site selection
.  D) LP/OP and site selection
.  E) Vehicle Setups
IV. Handling Traffic
V. Nets
VI. Supporting Joint Operations

Part 3: Training and Discipline
I. Basics of Training
.  A) Crawl, Walk, Run
.  B) Planning lessons and classroom basics
.  C) Field training basics
II. Classroom exercises
.  A) physically using a radio
.  B) Standard Operating Procedures
III. Field Excercises
.  A) Signals specific drills vs Signals as part of other exercises.
.  B) Using equipment in the field
.  C) Equipment performance testing
.  D) Alternates, contingencies and failover
.  E) After Actions
IV. Recruiting
.  A) Creating a program of continuity and shared responsibilities
.  B) Expanding the signals team, and training its new members

Part 4 Conclusion

Part 5 Appendices

National Patriot Field Day, Floridia/Alabama

April 17, 18, 19 2015

Where? Omega Ranch, Deland, Florida

When? April 17, 18, 19, 2015

Cost? $10.00 per day per person to cover cost of facility use. Camping on site is


Schedule of Events:

Friday, April 17, 2015

1200-2200Hrs Arrival and Registration

Saturday, April 18, 2015

0800-1600Hrs Abbreviated Courses of Instruction

Land Navigation
Patrol Techniques
Radio Communication Techniques
Break Contact
Battlefield First Aid Techniques
9Line Medevac Report
Casualty Evacuation
Instruction will be limited to that necessary for participation in NPFD
1600-1900Hrs Free Time/Meet and Greet

1900-2200Hrs Campfire Program

Sunday, April 19, 2015

Sunrise-1500Hrs National Patriot Field Day

This will be a team competition event with each team consisting of 4 participants. Teams will negotiate a land navigation course in patrol formation while conducting radio communications with a TOC. Teams will then encounter an ambush, break contact, treat a battlefield wound and coordinate a Medevac.

Team performance will be assessed based on overall time in the following categories: land navigation, radio communication techniques, break contact, first aid techniques, 9Line Medevac and casualty evacuation.

Email secomzone1@gmail.com for additional information.

MDT/DTG JointNeighborhood Protection Team Skills Class

Field training

From 15 to 17 May 2015, MDT (JC Dodge) and DTG (Tom Randall) will conduct a Neighborhood Protection Team skills oriented course as described in, “A Failure of Civility”, by Mike Garand & Jack Lawson, comprised of classes taken from both MDT’s, “Regional Security Forces” and DTG’s “Essential Skills” series at MDT’s training site.   While MDT & DTG will be hosting the class, there’ll be additional ‘guest’ instructors conducting various classes – we’ve got a great line up! Participants will be exposed to various perspectives of NPT operations, skill enhancement methods, and ‘tricks o’ the trade’ that demonstrate a resource and information rich environment for the person who wants to either refresh or learn what might be necessary in a grid down situation they may face one day. Classes will be presented from a ‘Train the Trainer’ perspective.

Arrival, Meet & Greet: 1000 15 May

Class start: 1200 15 May

Class end: 1700 17 May

Location:  Echo Valley Training Center, WV – http://www.echovalleytrainingcenter.com/

Participants will live in a field environment the entire class period and provide their own food & water. Recommend getting individual fitness levels as good as can reasonably be expected by class start in order to get the most out of the class as the participant possibly can.

Cost: $300 per person; Teams (6 people registering together) $250 per person

Hand Outs on various classes will be provided to all attendees.

To confirm attendance, contact either MDT or DTG via email for specifics on payment. Once attendance is confirmed by course fee payment, each participant will be sent a Release of Liability, a recommended pack list, a link to purchase a MGRS map of the training area (optional), and directions. The Release of Liability must be executed per the instructions provided and presented on upon arrival at the training site.

Class size is limited to 36 people, so don’t hesitate if you want your team to attend.

Subjects include:

  • Proper Wear – Clothing/Equip
  • Rucksack Packing/Waterproofing
  • Basic Survival (Shelter, fire, water, etc.)
  • Edged Weapons Selection & Familiarization
  • Field Hygiene
  • Land Navigation Review & Practicum
  • Individual/Team Movement
  • Small Team Patrol Base Ops
  • Night Operation Fundamentals
  • TC3 Orientation
  • Basic Field Fortifications (Hasty Positions)
  • Camouflage, Cover & Concealment
  • Basic Patrolling Walk Through

This is going to be a great class!

Incorporation and the volunteer fire model

Around the country, we have a mix of professional, volunteer, and hybrid-professional/volunteer fire departments, that serve the public, and help promote public safety.   The structure of common defense in the United States, follows a somewhat similar structure.   Just as big cities have full time professional fire fighters, The Federal Government maintains a full time professional military.    The National Guard, and individual State Guards parallel the “paid-on-call” and hybrid professional/volunteer fire departments.   They have some full time or paid employees, but the rank and file are usually volunteers.   At the most local level there are groups of people that volunteer to come together for the common defense of their communities.   They may call themselves “Militia”, “Mutual Assistance Groups”, “Neighborhood Protection Teams”, or even “Neighborhood Watch”.   Regardless of name, they function much like the all volunteer fire services that dot rural america.    They give selflessly of their time, and money, for the betterment of their community.

One of the lessons we can learn from the volunteer fire services is how to apply a legal and business structure to our groups.    At this point, some people might be thinking to them selves “Why would I ever want to do that?”   That is what I will answer below.

While there is huge variance from state to state, and even town to town, most volunteer fire departments are set up as a non-profit corporation, with a board of directors.   We’ll start with incorporation.   Incorporation is creating a legal entity that can do business just as a person would.

A corporation can own property.   If a member of an unincorporated militia buys radios for the group, those radios belong to whoever paid for them.   If, however they are bought by a company, or gifted, or donated, then they belong to the corporation, thus the group.   If the actual purchaser dies, or moves on, or looses interest, the radios are still property of the legal entity of the group (“the corporation”.)   A corporation can also hold property in trust.  This may be useful for keeping access to a training site.   It is better for “The Anytown Mutual Assistance Group” to have access to a range, than “Capt. Bob, of the AMAG.”

A corporate structure can also acquire FCC radio licenses, and liability insurance, which won’t leave if  member does. Corporations may also be eligible for some grants that are not available to an individual.

A corporate structure can also help with continuity of the group.   For a lot of current small groups, the groups identity is tied to one or several key people.   If those people leave, or die, or loose interest, or have a falling out, the group by default falls apart.   The corporate structure allows the group to continue without those key people, or founders.

Most states have minimum rules requiring a board of directors, certain corporate officers, and an annual meeting.   The board of directors serves several functions.   It acts as the “civilian leadership,” and provides checks and balances.    Generally, the board should approve promotions, and be able to reduce rank, or evict members for misconduct.   This is a check against abuse from a corrupt leader.   A board is also a good means for long time members who are no longer physically able to participate in group activities to still be involved in a meaningful way.

Incorporating also gives a perception of legitimacy.   Whether it is local policy makers, the media, public safety and service workers or the local general population, an incorporated entity will almost always “sound” more legit than not.    “Captain Bob and his freedom fighters”   will cause folks to roll their eyes, while the “Anytown Mutual Assistance Group, Incorporated” sounds like a professional organization.    Appearance of legitimacy is crucial for maintaining good civil affairs with local populations.

Incorporating is not without its own set of issues.

First, to do it properly, they cost money.   While not costing a fortune, incorporating usually requires filing paperwork with the state.   There may need to be regular tax filings, and there will certainly be mandatory board meetings.   Some of these requirements can be completed with online law services such as Nolo, or Legal Zoom, but because of the unusual nature of a defensive group incorporating, it may be worth it in the long run to consult with a lawyer, and accountant in the local area.

If a group is incorporated as a “non-profit” there are some additional regulations governing what the company can and can not do

There is also the fact that the board members should be a matter of public record.   That may or may not be an issue, depending on the members perceptions on the role of government in business, and personal security.

Finally there is always the possibility that as new members join, and old ones leave, the make up of the board will change reflecting the membership.   The board may one day take the group in a direction that was not originally envisioned by the groups founders.   Some people do not want to loose that control.

Incorporation is simply a tool in the tool box.   It may or may not be a good fit for any group.    It does help in large public groups maintain continuity, but may be too cumbersome or compromising for smaller groups.  Each group will need to decide if that tool is useful to them.



National Patriot Field Day

WHAT: National Patriot Field Day 2015 (NPFD 2015/1, pronounced “nip-fed twenty-fifteen slash one”) – Continental FTX

WHEN: 1300Z 19 APRIL 2015 – 0100Z 20 APRIL 2015

WHERE: CONUS (at a minimum)

WHO: You and your team; see below

WHY: Demonstrating that skills learned over the past six years can be applied successfully in the field in coordination/communication with other like-minded freedom-loving people located across North America

HOW: Entirely at teams’ discretion, subject to provisions below

CONCEPT: NPFD will provide an opportunity for patriots of all interests, abilities, and skills to field those talents over a 12-hour period and communicate their wins/losses/corrective actions to local, regional, and national UHF/VHF/HF networks.

Essential elements of the FTX are as follows:

1) Peaceful demonstration of freedom-minded skills; keep itrespectful and legal
2) Team planning and execution in support of coordinated effort, with comms up through local net and onward
3) All teams who complete their self-defined missions within parameters (honor system) and communicate their results with the FTX net are eligible for noogies and potential better prizes
4) Local/regional/national/international(?) comms will need to be established and maintained for the 12-hour FTX period plus a one-hour bumper prior to and after the ground teams (1200Z 19 APRIL – 0200Z 20 APRIL)
5) The more varied participants, the more challenging the FTX– so contact your associates in the re-enactor, EMCOMMS, EMS, and any other disciplines to encourage their participation, as per the following hypothetical examples…